Because her 17 year old AP English student son was disturbed by Toni Morrison’s Beloved.
Now, while Beloved is the reading equivalent of running a mile in knee-deep mud, there’s really no reason to ban it from an Advanced Placement English course. Ok, so it’s mildly disturbing, yes. I read it as a college student and was pretty annoyed/disgusted/horrified pretty much the entire time. Until I realized that as much as Beloved is about the dead girl and her mother’s guilt regarding the dead baby – it’s also about Denver, the living daughter, actually living her life — moving past her mother’s guilt and becoming a functioning member of society.
This novel is not easy and anyone who thinks it is has no idea what they are talking about. This book is about a very tough issue. But it’s no worse than any other book written in or about the mid to late 1800s America. Uncle Tom’s Cabin, as lovely as it is, is the white, sanitized version of slavery. Harriet Jacobs’ and Frederick Douglas’ slave narratives show a more real, more brutal, more honest side to what was going on. Beloved shows readers the plight of women under slavery, how bleak a situation it truly was, and some really tough decisions women had to make sometimes. It’s also a story of healing, of hope, of moving into a future without looking back. It’s heavy.
Wherever there is prejudice and injustice and hardship there are going to be “sensitive topics” discussed. The Grapes of Wrath was a book I had to read as a high school junior that left me rather uncomfortable – especially the ending scene; The Painted Bird tells the story of a boy roaming the ignorant and backward Polish countryside during and after World War II, some of the things he witnesses are highly disturbing; Night by Elie Wiesel shows what being in a concentration camp was actually like; In the Time of the Butterflies shows the fear of the Dominican people during President Trujillo’s dictatorship and what some brave few went through in order to gain some justice; The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, pulpy, pop fiction, sure, is the story of rotten people perverting what is meant to be a welfare system on one hand, and a warped and twisted sociopath who abuses his own children severely screwing them up for the future, on the other. What these books, along with Beloved, teach us is to recognize injustice and prejudice and, if we can’t do something to stop the greater problem in play, to have compassion for the people around us. Do what we can to help the people we love who might be going through a hard time. They tell us to be supportive of our friends and family. To try to work toward a brighter future where these things don’t happen. These books all end the same way: with Hope.
It’s idealist, maybe; some might say naive; but it’s a mature concept that is expected, and often demanded, by society, by authors, by critics. If a high school student is deemed smart enough and mature enough to take a college level literature course you can bet your buttons that he or she is going to be expected to handle some “sensitive topics”. The student is going to be asked to be mature enough to handle some adult topics, sometimes harsh and uncomfortable topics. But being at a college level means acting and thinking like an adult, recognizing that you’re not a kid anymore, and starting to make your own decisions. Taking a college level English course while in High School might be a “safe” way to introduce a student to college, but it shouldn’t expect anything less from the student than a college literature course would.
This Virginia mom might have a point about including parents in designing the curriculum to an extent, but I think the harsh reality is that her son wasn’t mature enough for Beloved. There are worse books his teacher could have chosen, but it seems to me that he or she chose an appropriate novel to expect a teenager in a college level English course to be able to handle. It might be disturbing at times, it might give the kid nightmares, but it hopefully is also opening his mind and getting him to think about the world in a slightly different way. If high school students are expected to read The Jungle, Native Son, Johnny Got His Gun, Of Mice and Men, The Lord of the Flies, and The Bell Jar, then a high school student in a college level class should be expected to handle Beloved.
If the student can’t, then maybe he shouldn’t be in that class.
*Click on the picture to go to the NPR website to learn more about Toni Morrison and “This Virginia mom” to read the Washinton Post article about Ms. Murphy’s campaign to change school policies.